In 1990, IOM established its presence and conducted its first operation in Jordan with the evacuation of 165,000 Third Country Nationals who fled the first Iraqi crisis. In 1999, Jordan became a Member State of the organization. IOM assists government counterparts in developing national instruments to protect victims of trafficking and adapt the staff and facilities to a Humanitarian Border Management situation. In addition, and as part of the United Nations Humanitarian Team (UNHCT) response to the Syrian Crisis, IOM has been facilitating emergency evacuation assistance to Syrian refugees from borders to camps. The process includes pre-registration, transportation, emergency vaccination and fit-to-travel assessments for refugees in Rabaa al-Sarhan, as well as tuberculosis screening and awareness raising for Syrians and host communities inside and outside the camps. IOM is in charge of repatriation assistance to Third Country Nationals (TCNs) fleeing from Syria into Jordan. Learn more about IOM in Jordan.
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
With 175 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants.
IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
The IOM Constitution recognizes the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement.
IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:
- Migration and development
- Facilitating migration
- Regulating migration
- Forced migration.
IOM activities that cut across these areas include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants' rights, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.